AskDefine | Define alga

Dictionary Definition

alga n : primitive chlorophyll-containing mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms lacking true stems and roots and leaves [syn: algae]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. Any of many aquatic photosynthetic organisms, whose size ranges from a single cell to giant kelps and whose form is very diverse; some are eukaryotic and some prokaryotic; includes the seaweeds

Translations

any of many aquatic photosynthetic organisms
  • Chinese: 水藻 shuǐ zǎo
  • Croatian: alga
  • Czech: řasa
  • Dutch: alg
  • Finnish: levä
  • French: algue
  • German: Alge
  • Hebrew: אצה
  • Icelandic: þörungur
  • Lithuanian: dumbliai
  • Swedish: alg

Croatian

Etymology

From alga.

Noun

hr-noun f

Italian

Lithuanian

Noun

alga

Extensive Definition

Algae (sing. alga) are a large and diverse group of simple, typically autotrophic organisms, ranging from unicellular to multicellular forms. The largest and most complex marine forms are called seaweeds. They are photosynthetic, like plants, and "simple" because they lack the many of the distinct organs found in land plants. Though the prokaryotic cyanobacteria (commonly referred to as blue-green algae) were traditionally included as "algae" in older textbooks, many modern sources regard this as outdated and restrict the term algae to eukaryotic organisms. All true algae therefore have a nucleus enclosed within a membrane and chloroplasts bound in one or more membranes. Algae constitute a paraphyletic and polyphyletic group:. Rather than in chloroplasts, they conduct photosynthesis on specialized infolded cytoplasmic membranes called thylakoid membranes. Therefore, they differ significantly from the algae despite occupying similar ecological niches.
By modern definitions algae are eukaryotes and conduct photosynthesis within membrane-bound organelles called chloroplasts. Chloroplasts contain circular DNA and are similar in structure to cyanobacteria, presumably representing reduced cyanobacterial endosymbionts. The exact nature of the chloroplasts is different among the different lines of algae, reflecting different endosymbiotic events. The table below lists the three major groups of algae and their lineage relationship is shown in the figure on the left. Note many of these groups contain some members that are no longer photosynthetic. Some retain plastids, but not chloroplasts, while others have lost them entirely.
Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1